Election Rules

General Election Voter Registration Deadline: October 19, October 20 online registration

Alabama does not have early voting, if you cannot vote in-person on Election Day, request an absentee ballot to vote by mail as soon as possible. More info on how to do this below.

Restoration of Voting Rights After Felony Convictions: The right to vote is restored for felons following the completion of their parole or probation, unless convicted of a felony of moral turpitude. If convicted of a felony of moral turpitude, the individual can apply for the restoration of civil rights, including the right to vote through the Office of the Board of Pardons and Paroles after the full completion of their sentence. Learn more here.

ID Requirements for Voting: Photo ID required at polling site, if you do not have your ID with you, 2 election officials must attest to your identity, OR you can vote with a provisional ballot and show your ID within 4 days to the board of elections to certify your ballot.

Ranked Choice Voting: Military and oversees voters use ranked choice voting for all federal primary elections.

Time Off to Vote Law: Employees are eligible for one hour of unpaid time off to vote on election day if they do not have sufficient time to vote outside of working hours. Learn more here.

Absentee Ballots: An excuse is required to obtain an absentee ballot. See the list of excuses and request your ballot here. An absentee ballot can be requested in person or by writing, and must be requested at least 5 days before the election. If you have other questions, contact your county’s absentee elections manager.

Gender Gaps in Representation

While Alabama is one of only 9 states that currently has a woman governor (Kay Ivey, R), the state ranks 46th for women’s representation in the state legislature.

Alabama Congressional Delegation

Alabama State Legislature

Voter Turnout

Alabama had lower voter turnout than the overall United States turnout for both men and women in the 2016 Presidential Election.

Voter Turnout by Gender

Voter Turnout by Race

Other races not shown due to population size